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Blood profile in normal one humped dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) camel breeds in Libya. Part 1: Determination of biochemical and haematological blood profile

Anwar M Abdalmula, Amal O Buker, Fathia M Benashour, Mansur E Shmela, Ismail M Abograra, Fahima A Alnagar


As little is known about the blood profile of camels in Libya, this article is the first of a 4part series describing the biochemical and haematological blood profile in Libyan camels. Part 1 of these manuscripts determines the values of enzymes, metabolites, electrolytes and haematological indices in the blood of Libyan camels, parts 2-4 evaluates the effects of breed, gender and age respectively on these values. In this study, blood samples were collected from sixty six camels of three different breeds, different ages and with both sex. The blood of the studied camels showed (i) average values of Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Phosphorus (Ph), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and White Blood Cell (WBC) counts (ii) low values of Sodium (Na), Iron (Fe), total proteins, albumin, globulin, creatinine, cholesterol, triglycerides, Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), and low serum activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) and amylase (AMS) enzymes and (iii) high values of glucose, urea, Red Blood Cell (RBC) counts, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC). The finding of this study was documented and compared with the findings of similar studies performed elsewhere. 

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Cheiloscopy And Blood Groups: Aid In Forensic Identification

Dr. Amol Jain, Senior Lecturer Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow. Dr. Rohit Jaiswal, Professor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow.


Lips are two fleshy folds surrounding oral orifice. They are lined externally by skin and internally by mucosa. The skin is continuous with mucosa at transitional or vermilion border, reddish zone covered by thin keratinized epithelium. Line of contact between the lips (oral fissure) lies just above cutting edges of upper incisor teeth and on each side labial commissure form angle of mouth usually near first premolar tooth. Epithelium of vermilion area exhibits less well-developed stratum corneum than skin. Lip has many elevations and depressions forming characteristic pattern called lip print. The study of lip prints is called cheiloscopy. It is used for personal identification since lip prints are unique for individuals and do not change during the life of a person. A lip print may be revealed as a stratified surface trace with visible elements of lines, namely the furrows and if the lines are not clear, only the shape of the lips is printed. The present study was done to determine the distribution of different lip print patterns among the subjects having different ABO and Rh blood groups and to determine the correlation between their characters and blood groups. Correlating lip prints with blood groups may be useful in forensic science in accurate identification of individual than by using lip prints alone. 

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The  Swiss balls is a conventional exercise programs has recently been adopted. Swiss balls are an unstable surface which may result in an increased need for force output from abdominal muscles to provide adequate spinal stability or balance. The aim of the study was to determine To compare rectus abdominis and external oblique muscle activation during various exercises performed on flat surface versus swiss ball. Does  rectus abdominis and external oblique muscle activation differ during various exercises performed on flat surface versus swiss ball.

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