Medical tourism has been made possible due to the globalization of healthcare, where medical treatment can be provided across the border. Medical professionals from all over the world travel to developed countries for getting new technologies to be applied in their medical services. The term medical tourism has become a household name, which involves patients from developed and underdeveloped countries to seek medical treatment abroad for various reasons. Nigeria is not well known as a medical tourism destination compared to countries like India, Thailand and Singapore. This paper reviews and analyzes the issues, challenges and recommendations in Nigeria medical tourism. In recent time Nigerian patienthas been obtaining medical treatment abroad.