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STUDY OF TEXTURAL, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND SORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVATED CARBON, PREPARED FROM APRICOT KERNELS

Mukhamadiev A.N., Sayitkulov Sh.M., Muhamadiev N.Q.

Abstract:-

In the work the results of electron microscopic examination of samples of activated carbon, prepared from the shells of apricot kernels, show that their structures have a developed porous surface. According to the results of semi-quantitative elemental analysis of the adsorbents under study by the method of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), it was found that the adsorbent based on the shells of apricot kernels has the highest carbon content (92%). The activated carbon prepared from the shells of apricot kernels has the following characteristics: moisture content - 7.5%, total pore volume on water  - 0.67 cm3/g, pH of the aqueous extract - 6.9, bulk density - 289 g/dm3, adsorption activity on iodine - 62.7%, specific surface area - 884 m2/g.

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DETERMINATION OF FLAVONOIDS FROM SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS COMPOSITION BY HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY METHOD

D.M.Ismatov, N.Q.Muhadiev, O.F.Fayzullayev

Abstract:-

Optimal conditions for separating and analyzing flavonoids from medicinal plants composition by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) were found. It was found that Pimpinella anisum is rich in rutin and quercetin, codonopsis is rich in rutin, the amount of rutin is the same in Tanacetum Vulgare L. and Ferula moschata plants, the amount of quercetin in Ferula moschata is less by 3 times than in Tanacetum Vulgare L.

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ESTIMATION OF USE EFFICIENCY OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF ANISE IN TREATMENT OF GENITAL INFECTIONS IN PREGNANT WOMEN

1Sayfieva M., 2Rabbimova G.T., 1Muhamadiev N.Q.

Abstract:-

In the work the use effectiveness of anise essential oil in the treatment of genital infections in pregnant women has been evaluated. It has been established that the treatment of genital infections in pregnant women, using essential oils of ordinary  anise, increases the effectiveness of treatment, improves the microbiocenosis state of vagina, normalizes the indices of endogenous intoxication and the activity of Kallikrein kinin system (KKS) enzymes, as a result reducing the incidence of premature births by 2.6 times, prenatal rupture of membranes (PRM) 8 times, the frequency of inflammatory complications in the postpartum period is 2.9 times, characterized by a decrease in the frequency of relapses of the disease by 4.5 times due to the normalization of the vaginal microbiocenosis, reduction of drug load on the macroorganism. It was revealed that, for the treatment of threatened abortion of infectious genesis, leads to conduct an early complex therapy: taking a phyto-collection orally with correction of dysbiotic disorders (local sanitation of a genital infection focus with the inclusion of anise essential oil in the form of an extract on vegetable oil).

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QUANTUM-CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF THE MECHANISM OF CONDENSATION AND CYCLIZATION REACTIONS BETWEEN HOMOVERATRYLAMINE AND GLYCINE

Makhmudov M.B., Khalilov K.F., Muhamdiev N.Q.

Abstract:-

The mechanism of condensation and cyclization reactions between homoveratrylamine and glycine has been studied by semi-empirical, ab initio calculation methods. During quantum-chemical calculations HyperChem, Gaussian and ChemOffice softwares were used. Thermodynamic and kinetic objective laws of the synthesis process have been studied by building energetic profiles of the reactions of condensation and cyclization between homoveratrylamine and glycine. As well as in quantum-chemical calculations IR-spectra of the reagents and products were taken and they were compared with standard IR-spectra on their suitability degree studied by least squares methods.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF A PLANNED TEACHING PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE OF CARETAKERS REGARDING CARE OF ELDERLY

Mrs. Blessy P1, Mrs. Mary Walton2, Dr. Betsy Mathew3

Abstract:-

Background: Old age is the normal aspect of human development and is the final phase of life cycle. Family carers face practical problems related to caring techniques of elderly. As the geriatric population is increasing with increasing health demands, it is necessary for the caretaker to gain knowledge on care of elderly.

Methods: A quantitative approach using pre experimental one group pre test post test design was used in the study. Sixty caretakers of the elderly were selected by purposive sampling based on inclusion criteria. A structured interview schedule was used to elicit baseline variables and pre-test knowledge scores from the subjects. A planned teaching programme on care of elderly was given on one-to-one basis. Post-test was conducted on the fifth day after the intervention. The data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics

Results: The mean post-test score (20.75±2.909) was significantly higher than the mean pre-test score (14.75±3.07) which was statistically significant at (p<0.001). The mean difference of knowledge scores had no significant association with baseline variables except for income which was significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The study findings revealed that Planned Teaching Programme was effective in improving the knowledge of caretakers on elderly care.

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Quality of Patients Care in Hospital Setting: A Critical Analysis

Raj Sinha Paras HMRI Hospital, Patna

Abstract:-

CQI is a constant and conscious effort to raise the standard of practice in all areas and process of the Hospital and sustain it forever. It helps stake holders, Patients, Hospital Staff, Health Insurance empanelment and other third parties by establishing high quality of patient care and safety which boost patient satisfaction level. Secondly, continuous learning, good working environment, leadership and above all ownership of clinical processes help healthcare staff to increase their knowledge of this vast industry. In brief, it provides an environment which assures safety of patients / clients, staff and the public within a framework of continuously improving quality of care. The purpose of CQI programs is to improve health care by identifying problems, implementing and monitoring corrective action and study its effectiveness.

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DIRECTLY OBSERVED TREATMENTS (DOTS) THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS: A STUDY

Sandeep Jain1, Dr. Muthukannu. M2

Abstract:-

Many factors that predict delay seem to be mutually associated. It is impossible to single out one factor that, regardless of other conditions, explains diagnosis delay and treatment default. Moreover, even multivariate analyses that explain TB detection and treatment adherence in one community do not provide conclusive results that are applicable to different settings. Although the literature has plenty of case studies with individual findings that can be tested, the dearth of comparative studies does not allow us to draw general conclusions.The inability of health systems to screen people before they develop active TB largely accounts for system delay. From the studies reviewed, a number of factors account for why health systems miss patients. The lack of diagnostic tools in health clinics, bad implementation, overall under-utilization of health care services, and oversight by healthcare providers (due to insufficient knowledge and neglect) are plausible explanations. This article mainly focused on directly observed treatments (DOTS) therapy for tuberculosis and related factors.

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