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HOUSEHOLD ACCESS TO SANITATION AND HYGIENE IN SMALL TOWNS IN TANZANIA: A CASE OF THREE SATELLITES TOWNS IN MWANZA CITY

Benedict M. Kilobe1; Zilihona. J. Innocent2; Bonamax Mbassa1 1Institute of Rural Development Planning, Lake Zone Training Centre, P.O. Box 11957, Mwanza. 2Institute of Rural Development Planning, P.O. Box 138, Dodoma.

Abstract:-

The present study examined household access to sanitation and hygiene in small towns of Misungwi, Magu and Lamadi in Northwestern Tanzania. Specifically, the study envisaged to: (i) assess the availability of toilet facilities in the study towns, and (ii) assess hand washing practices at households level. The study used both primary and secondary data of quantitative and qualitative nature, collected through questionnaire survey, key informant interviews, observation and documentary review. A sample of 417 households was involved in this study. Survey data were analyzed for descriptive statistics such as frequencies and means. Qualitative data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis technique.

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VIRULENCE CHARACTERISTICS AND BIOFILM PRODUCTION IN CLINICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISOLATES

Sivaranjini A, Subashkumar R* Department of Biotechnology, Kongunadu Arts and Science College,

Abstract:-

Microbes that grow in a biofilm are associated with chronic and acute human infections that are highly resistant to antimicrobial agents. Soil, water and clinical samples were collected and 62 isolated organisms were screened for biofilm formation and their virulence characteristics were determined.

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PROSTHODONTIC REHABILITATION OF A PATIENT WITH HUTCHINSON GILFORD PROGERIA SYNDROME: A RARE CASE REPORT

Dr Deshraj Jain, MDS, 1. Dr. Anshu Gautam 2. Dr. Nishant Agrawal 3. Dr. Sandhya Jain, MDS

Abstract:-

Progeria is a rare genetic disease where symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age. Characteristic clinical findings of Progeria include abnormalities of the skin and hair in conjunction with characteristic facial features and skeletal abnormalities. The findings that are nearly interested in dentistry are delayed dentition, anodontia, hypodontia, or crowding of teeth. Psychological trauma is common in such patients because of the societal alienation they often face; hence, the successful completion of any treatment modality in such patients is affected by how well the Prosthodontist handles their psychological condition. This report follows the Prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient suffering from Hutchinson Gilford progeria syndrome with congenital anodontia , keeping special attention on psychological behaviour. Rehabilitation of such a compromised complete denture patient in a conventional manner possess many challenges. To overcome these challenges certain modifications in treatment procedure and materials used were made to fulfil the patient’s functional, esthetic and psychological demands.

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SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR CRYSTAL GROWTH ON NLO AND ITS PERFORMANCES, APPLICATIONS IN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

Vishal1, Dr. Anil Kumar2

Abstract:-

This paper explore the synthesis and characterization techniques for crystal growth on NLO and its performances, applications in optoelectronic devices. Crystal development is a crucial and basic piece of materials science and engineering since crystals of reasonable size and flawlessness are required for basic information obtaining and for pragmatic devices, for example, locators, coordinated circuits and for different applications. Advance in crystal development is highly requested in perspective of its ongoing progressions in the fields of semiconductors, polarizers, transducers, infrared identifiers, ultrasonic speakers, ferrites, attractive garnets, strong state lasers, nonlinear optic, piezoelectric, acoustic-optic, photosensitive materials and crystalline thin films for microelectronics and computer ventures. The utility of crystals has been stretched out from the limits of trimmings to a few helpful applications in optical, electrical and optoelectronic devices

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